• Human Development

Rwanda closer to an AIDS-free generation

In 2014 in Rwanda, more than 95% of pregnant women living with HIV had access to antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV from mother to child. As a result, the country had fewer than 500 new infections among children last year, paving the way to achieving an AIDS-free generation. The incidence rate for HIV is estimated to be a stable and low 0.11%.

During a visit to Rwanda on 9 and 10 December, UNAIDS Executive Director and Under Secretary-General of the United Nations Michel Sidibé celebrated the country’s achievements and praised President Paul Kagame on his government’s leadership in the continental AIDS response. Mr Sidibé called on Rwanda to sustain the gains made in health and development and urged the country to keep moving towards sustainable financing for health and HIV.

He also met with the Minister of Health, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, the First Lady and civil society organizations. Mr Sidibé stressed the major role that civil society has to play in advocating for those being left behind in the AIDS response and in pushing for social justice and transformation. Civil society representatives highlighted that access to services for all, including key populations, has been ensured in Rwanda, although stigma and discrimination remain a challenge.

The importance of meaningful community engagement for health and development was further demonstrated during a visit to the Millennium Village Project in Mayange, 40 kilometres south of the capital. It is one of 14 clusters of Millennium Villages that operate across sub-Saharan Africa, serving the poorest and most remote communities in the region. Mayange has three health facilities: a health centre and two health posts.

Mr Sidibé visited the Mayange health centre, which uses an integrated approach to prevent new HIV infections and promote sexual and reproductive health services and family planning. No babies have been born with HIV in the Mayange health centre since 2013, showing that the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is within reach in Rwanda. Mr Sidibé congratulated the health centre and the local leaders, adding that change is possible with leadership, commitment and passion.

UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibe and other Health staff visiting ARV room at Mayange Health Center.

Mr Sidibé also participated in the signing ceremony of the Paris Declaration to Fast-Track the HIV response in cities together with several Heads of Agencies of the One UN in Rwanda. The ceremony took place at Kigali City Hall on 10 December. The Mayor of Kigali, Fidele Ndayisaba, committed to accelerate the response in the capital and to lead, guide and support other urban areas in doing so. The cities initiative will help translate commitments to Fast-Track the HIV response into targeted actions and rapid results through a focus on location and population.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) unites the efforts of 11 UN organisations—UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank. At country level, UNAIDS works as part of the One UN Rwanda in close collaboration with national partners towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.

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